english

english

Monday, August 29, 2016

Simple Learning English | Making Suggestions


We often suggest ideas or things to do. Here are some common examples with seeing a film. You can use the structures to talk about other things, of course.
Ten Expressions to Use In Speaking And Writing
  1. Why don't we go to the cinema?
  2. Let's go to the cinema. What do you think?
  3. How about going to the cinema?
  4. How do you feel about seeing a film?
  5. Fancy seeing a film?
  6. I'd like to see a film. How about you?
  7. We could always see a film.
  8. Why not go and see a film?
  9. Seeing a film's one idea.
  10. It would be nice to see a film.
How To Use These Phrases In Your English
  1. 1 and 3 are structures that are frequently taught in coursebooks.
  2. 2 and 4 are different because you are asking for your friend's opinion, so they are less forceful, especially 4.
  3. 5 is very common in spoken English but is not often taught in coursebooks. It's short for 'Do you fancy
  4. 6 is also like 2 because you put your own idea first as a preference. You can also say 'What about you?'
  5. 7 notice the use of 'always' here in a suggestion. It doesn't refer to time or frequency. It means this is a possibility.
  6. 8 is a version of 1, using a negative question. However, 8 can also be used when making a suggestion for someone else to do something. The speaker may or may not be included.
  7. We use 'one idea' or 'one possibility' meaning: it's one thing we could do.
  8. 10 is quite a strong way of politely expressing your own preference, like 6.
 

Simple Learning English | Talking About Experiences

This worksheet contains 18 conversation cards, an interview box and a quotes box. The cards can be cut out if desired and be used as conversation questions. Can be used with both young learners and adults (pre-intermediate to upper-intermediate).

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Simple Learning English | How to Speak English- Reporting Information

Report Writing: Formatting the Report Elements Here are the main sections of the standard report writing format: • Title Section - If the report is short, the front cover can include any information that you feel is necessary including the author(s) and the date prepared. In a longer report, you may want to include a table of contents and a definitions of terms. • Summary - There needs to be a summary of the major points, conclusions, and recommendations. It needs to be short as it is a general overview of the report. Some people will read the summary and only skim the report, so make sure you include all the relevant information. It would be best to write this last so you will include everything, even the points that might be added at the last minute. • Introduction - The first page of the report needs to have an introduction. You will explain the problem and show the reader why the report is being made. You need to give a definition of terms if you did not include these in the title section, and explain how the details of the report are arranged. • Body - This is the main section of the report. The previous sections needed to be written in plain English, but this section can include jargon from your industry. There needs to be several sections, with each having a subtitle. Information is usually arranged in order of importance with the most important information coming first. If you wish, a “Discussion” section can be included at the end of the Body to go over your findings and their significance. • Conclusion - This is where everything comes together. Keep this section free of jargon as most people will read the Summary and Conclusion. • Recommendations - This is what needs to be done. In plain English, explain your recommendations, putting them in order of priority. • Appendices - This includes information that the experts in the field will read. It has all the technical details that support your conclusions.

Simple Learning English | How to Speak English-Expressing Future Plans


Communicating your Plans and Arrangements Look at the following sentences. Which ‘tense’ do we use for talking about our plans and arrangements? I’m having dinner with John tonight. I’m catching up with Kelly tomorrow. Next week I’m heading off to Berlin for a few days. I’m finally seeing that film tonight. As you can see, we use the Present Continuous (or ‘present progressive’) when we refer to our plans. This confuses some students because they were taught that the future is either ‘WILL’ or ‘GOING TO’. It’s not! Second, textbooks often say it’s ‘present continuous for the future’, which gets students to think English is chaotic with its rules and exceptions. Actually, if you look at when we use the present continuous you’ll see that using it for your future plans is part of the rule, not part of an exception. What do I mean here? We use the present continuous when we see an event as being temporary. We see it as having a start and an end, and we expect this process or time between beginning and end to be temporary. ie this time will end! eg “I’m reading a book by Thomas Swamp at the moment.” Here the person may have started the book last week, and is now in the process of reading it, and expects to finish it next week. Or next month. All up, this is an action in progress. Likewise, when we make our plans, we see this as an action in progress. How? Maybe last night I wrote in my diary “film – Sunday 7.30”. So this was the beginning of this temporary period. Now imagine my friend Angelina calls me up and asks: “What are you doing on Sunday?” I’ll reply: “I’m seeing a film.” I see this whole process as beginning when I wrote down in my diary last night “film – Sunday” and I see this as ending when the film finishes. So whether we use present continuous to refer to what we’re doing now or ‘for the future’, it’s the same rule. To summarise When we talk about things in the future that we have already planned and arranged to do, we use the present continuous. We often use only small selection of verbs to communicate this. eg go out; see; visit; meet; stay; come; go; have. -> I’m going out on Friday. I’m seeing Tiffiny at 2 o’clock. I’m visiting family at the weekend. I’m meeting Mr Obama in front of Tesco. I’m staying with Julie this weekend. GOING TO + verb Of course here GOING TO + verb is also fine: I’m going to meet Mr Obama in front of Tesco. However it would not be correct to say: *I go to meet Mr Obama” or * “I meet Mr Obama in front of Tesco.” (the only main note on this is that this is becoming more acceptable in Text English, when you’re using your mobile phone and you want to use fewer characters) Timetabled Events Compare: “I’m taking Amanda Righetti to the cinema tonight. The film starts at 7:30.” We see our plans as being temporary – the plan will begin when we write it down into our diary and then end when we’ve completed the whole action. However in the case of timetabled events, we see these as being permanent and therefore we use the present simple. eg “The train arrives at 5am.” “The flight leaves tonight at 7pm.” “The bus leaves in five minutes’, so hurry up!” “The play is at the Cameron Theatre and starts at 8pm.” We see these as being permanent because these events are written on an official timetable and are the same week in, week out.

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