Friday, July 22, 2016

Simple Learning English | How To Speak English-Constructing Simple Sentences (passt Teance)

How to form the Past Tense in English

The main rule is that for every verb in English, there is only one form of it in the past tense.
(The exception is the Past tense of To Be, which has two forms: was and were)

This is totally different from other languages such as Spanish, French, Italian etc. where you change the verb ending for every subject.
For example: The past tense of the verb want is wanted.
Wanted is used as the past tense for all subjects/pronouns.

  • I wanted
  • You wanted
  • He wanted
  • She wanted
  • It wanted
  • We wanted
  • They wanted
So you just have to learn one word to be able to use it in the past tense. In this case we just needed to learn the one word wanted which can be used for all subjects (or people).

Past Tense Regular Verbs

To change a regular verb into its past tense form, we normally add –ED to the end of the verb.
  • play – played
  • cook – cooked
  • rain – rained
  • wait – waited
There are some exceptions with a slight change in spelling which you can see here:
Spelling of words ending in ED.

Examples of sentences using regular verbs in the past tense

  • Last night I played my guitar loudly and the neighbors complained.
  • She kissed me on the cheek.
  • It rained yesterday.
  • Angela watched TV all night.
  • John wanted to go to the museum.
Note: There are three different ways of pronouncing the –ed at the end of a verb in the past tense.
We recommend reading our guide about the pronunciation of –ED at the end of words.

Negative sentences in the Past Tense

We use didn't (did not) to make a negative sentence in the past tense.
This is for regular AND irregular verbs in English.
(Exception is To Be and Modal Verbs such as Can)

Compare the following:
Present: They don't live in Canada.
Past: They
didn't live in Canada.
The main verb (live in the example above) is in its base form (of the infinitive). The auxiliary DIDN'T shows that the sentence is negative AND in the past tense.
NOTICE: The only difference between a negative sentence in the present tense and a negative sentence in the past tense is the change in the auxiliary verb.
Both don't and doesn't in the present tense become didn't in the past tense.
Compare the negative sentences in the examples below:
Present: You don't need a mechanic.
Past: You
didn't need a mechanic.
Present: You don't walk to work.
Past: You
didn't walk to work.
Present: He doesn't speak Japanese.
Past: He
didn't speak Japanese.

Examples of negative sentences in the Past Tense

  • I didn't want to go to the dentist.
  • She didn't have time.
  • You didn't close the door.
  • He didn't come to my party.
  • They didn't study so they didn't pass the test.
  • We didn't sleep well last night

Thursday, July 21, 2016

Simple Learning English | How To Speak English-Describing Daily Routings

There are some key phrases that are useful to learn in English in order to explain your day to another person. In order to introduce these phrases, let me take you through a typical day in my life. I wake up at 6 o’clock. I get up at 6.50. I make a cup of tea and iron my clothes.

I have a shower and get dressed. I usually wear jeans, a blouse, a jumper or cardigan and boots in the winter, or a skirt and blouse in the summer. I brush my hair, put on my make-up. I pack my bag with all my teaching materials.  I then put on my coat and leave the house. I walk to the bus stop. I catch the bus at 8.15, and then I pay my fare and sit down. It takes about 45 minutes to get to my destination three miles away. I get off the bus and walk to the school where I teach English. I have to sign in and get the key. Class starts at 9.25 and ends at 11.25. I have lunch at 12. I eat a baguette or sandwich at the local cafĂ©. I sometimes do some shopping before I walk back to school. I do some photocopying and go back to my classroom. I teach in the afternoon from 1 to 3pm. I then catch the bus back home and spend a couple of hours relaxing before I cook dinner. My son goes to work shortly after I come home. Sometimes he cooks dinner before I get home, and sometimes I cook. I like to eat rice or pasta with a sauce. I chop the onions, fry them and then mix them with garlic, tomatoes, carrots, spinach and chilies. I boil the rice and then add the sauce. After dinner I wash up, sweep the floor, and tidy up a bit. Then I make phone calls, mark my students’ work, do the laundry. Then I go on Facebook, or watch TV until about 10.30 when my son comes home. We catch up on our day, and at about 11 o’clock I go to bed. Other days I get up early, go downstairs, put on my computer and teach on EF English

Live for three hours. Then I have a break, eat dinner with my son, have a walk or go shopping before returning to work and teaching again for another three hours. Working at home can be very convenient and I love being able to talk to people around the world. It is also nice working in a school and seeing people on a regular basis and working in a team. So I feel I have the best of both worlds.

Monday, July 11, 2016

Articulating English word and phrases properly

Here are additional tips to improve your overall articulation: Imitate the Most Articulate Celebrities and Public Figures - Do your best impressions of highly articulate and successful talk show hosts, news anchors, radio hosts, actors, voice actors, etc. This is a great way to invoke benchmarks that you can use as comparisons to your own voice habits and articulation level.

  1. Practice Sentences and Paragraphs with Audio Recorders - Use audio editors such as Audacity(Free Audio Editor and Recorder) and Practice 15 - 30 minutes a day until your general speech habits improve. Place emphasis on words, sentences, and paragraphs that are most difficult for you to articulate. . repeat certain sentences and paragraphs until they soundto pleasant
  2. Visualize Yourself Speaking Well on National Television and in Front of Large Crowds - Believe it or not, your unsatisfactory speaking habits and articulation may be rooted in the fear of being the center of attention and embarrassing yourself. Your lack of articulation could result from tension and a certain level of social anxiety that result from your own thoughts and perceptions. Picture yourself talking in situations that you think are well out of your league, and you'll start to develop the peace of mind and confidence to articulate your speech carefully in situations that would normally intimidate you.

Articulating English word and phrases with Confidence

Pay attention to the following variables in your speech habits and rate them all on a scale from 1 - 10. Place the most focus on and th
e areas you're weakest at the areas you're strongest:
  1. Pitch Variation - Vary the high and low frequencies of your voice to keep listeners engaged and interested in what you're saying.
  2. Voice Projection - You should be capable of talking with enough intensity so that anyone who's 15-20 feet away can clearly understand you. Practice talking at this intensity so that people can clearly understand you and follow what you're saying thereby drawing favorable attention to yourself.
  3. Use of Pauses - Strategically pause before and after the words and phrases you want to emphasize.
  4. Sentence Length Variation - Follow long sentences after short sentences and vice versa. If you say 3 or more long sentences in tandem, you may lose people due to the overload of information.
  5. Determine How the Sound of your Voice Makes you Feel and Make Improvements- Listen to yourself talk in a recording and pay attention to how you feel when you hear yourself talk. Do you feel positive or negative? Pleasant or irritated,? Energizing or sleep-inducing? There may be a high chance that most people feel the same way when they hear your voice. Can you adjust the general tonality to something more pleasing and stick to that?
  6. Speed Variation - Slow down your rate of speech when you want to emphasize certain words and phrases. Give people a chance to understand and follow what you're saying. Speed up your speech when you know they already understand the concept you're talking about.
  7. Portray Confidence and Self-Assurance - Give people the impression that you're 100% sure of yourself, you're an authority in the subject matter you're talking about, and you believe wholeheartedly in what you're saying. Many people are disproportionately attracted to this quality even if it's specious. The impression of doubt and self-restraint tend to repel many people even when that's grounded on reasonable premises.
  8. Vocabulary Usage - In most cases, speak at roughly the same vocabulary level as your audience. Also, don't bring up concepts that are too far outside their perceptive experience and the context of the situation.
  9. Talk with a Harmonious Rhythm - Make your phrases and sentences harmonize with each other like notes on a music sheet. Time your high, low, long, and short pitches with each other succinctly and you'll have a natural flow to your speech that is pleasing to the ear.

Sunday, July 10, 2016

Expressing Like and Dislike

  1. 1. If you like something: I like cooking. I love eating ice-cream." I adore sun-bathing.” I’m fond of chocolate I like swimming very much.
  2. 2. If someone likes something: She likes salsa music. He loves butterflies. The cat adores walking at night. She is fond of cookies. He likes studying English at the National University.
  3. 3. If you don’t like something: I don't like sport at all. I dislike wasting time. I can't stand spiders. I can't bear cooking in a dirty kitchen. I hate crowded supermarkets I detest being late. I loath celery.
  4. 4. If somebody doesn’t like something: She doesn't like Dutch. He dislikes going to the beach. She can't stand onion. She can't bear writing essays. Samuel hates tomatoes. Caro detests going to the dentist. Ruben loathes garlic.
  5. 5. If you neither like or dislike something: I don't mind doing the housework. Dislike is quite formal. Fond of is normally used to talk about food or people. The 'oa' in loathe rhymes with the 'oa' in boat.
  6. 6. Questions and Answers Q: Do you like ice cream? Q: Does she like reading? A: Yes, I do. A: Yes, she does. No, I do not / No, I don’t. No, she does not / No, she doesn’t. Q: Do they like animals? Q: Does he like working? A: Yes, they do. A: Yes, he does. No, they do not / No, they don’t. No, he does not / No, he doesn’t. Q: Do Julian and Vero love writing Q: Does Isaac like studying English? poems? A: Yes, we do. A: Yes, he does. No, we do not / No, we don’t. No, he does not / No, he doesn’t.
  7. 7. I love cats I am fond of monkeys I like mice I like dogs I love donkeys
  8. 8. Joana hates snakes Joana does not like spiders She can’t stand wasps
  9. 9. Things to remember To talk about your general likes or dislikes, follow this pattern: like something or like doing something. Be careful where you put very much or a lot. These words should go after the thing that you like. For example, "I like reading very much." NOT "I like very much reading."

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